The different sources of pollution
Outside, the most frequent sources of pollution are emissions produced by vehicles and industrial or agricultural activities ... These sources produce gaseous pollutants and more or less fine particles.
In indoor air, compounds such as formaldehyde and benzene are added, carcinogens found in particular in cigarette smoke and in emissions produced by improperly adjusted heaters.
Fumes from household or DIY products are also implicated. As exposure is greater in the workplace, the risks are multiplied. This is the case in certain industries or building trades, which manufacture or use paints, solvents, glues (which contain in particular glycol ethers) ...
We can classify pollutants into two categories:
- Primary pollutants, directly emitted by human activities and directly ejected into the air: sulfur dioxide, nitrogen or carbon monoxide, particles (the famous "dust") ...
- Secondary pollutants, which are the result of chemical or physical changes between pollutants and the effects of climatic variations (nitrogen dioxide, particles, ozone, etc.).
Fine particles, belonging to the first category, are dangerous because of their size and their ability to stay in the lungs. These microparticles are invisible to the eye, often odorless, but they are among the most toxic.
These are, among others, these particles that anti-pollution masks will filter.
The consequences of pollution on health
The short-term effects of pollution are now fairly well known. It is responsible for an increase in morbidity and mortality in vulnerable people and worsens cardiovascular disease, asthma, allergies and respiratory diseases. Not to mention the risk of intoxication in the event of a heating appliance malfunction: carbon monoxide, an odorless gas that emerges from it, can in particular be fatal even at very low concentrations.
In the long term, pollution also has effects on the proper functioning of our cardio-respiratory system and can be the cause of certain lung cancers.
Precautions to take
It is possible to limit indoor pollutants by ventilating your home morning and evening, and by ventilating the rooms well when using certain maintenance or DIY products. Use them sparingly and remember to close them well.
Avoid taking the car: not only because it pollutes the air but also because it is where you are most exposed! Favor walking, cycling (avoiding car traffic if possible!) And public transport. Behind the wheel, adopt a relaxed driving style (also synonymous with fuel economy) and don't leave the engine running when stopped.
How to protect yourself
Following the recommendations and precautions listed above is obviously important to limit the effects of pollution, indoors and outdoors.
However, all of this does not preclude completely protecting yourself, and that is why it is important to wear a mask designed specifically against pollution.
At Blossum Mask, our masks are CE certified, class FFP2, compliant with European standard EN149 + A1: 2009, which means that our masks protect against solid and liquid dust. Thus, you will be protected from fine particles in the air, but also from pollen ...
So you can wear your mask in any situation, whether it's outdoors, on public transport or at work.
In times of a global pandemic, it is important to protect others while protecting yourself. Remember to wear your mask to filter the air you breathe, and thus protect your health in the short, medium and long term.